chickenpox


chickenpox
n.
a highly infectious disease caused by a herpesvirus (the varicella-zoster virus) that is transmitted by airborne droplets. After an incubation period of 11–18 days a mild fever develops, followed after about 24 hours by an itchy rash of red pimples that soon change to vesicles. These usually start on the trunk or scalp and spread to the face and limbs; they crust over and resolve after about 12 days. Treatment is aimed at reducing the fever and controlling the itching (e.g. by the application of calamine lotion). Complications are rare but include secondary infection and occasionally encephalitis. The patient is infectious from the onset of symptoms until all the spots have gone. One attack usually confers life-long immunity, although the virus may reactivate at a later date and cause shingles (see herpes). In adult patients who are particularly vulnerable, e.g. those with AIDS or who are otherwise immunosuppressed, chickenpox can be a serious disease, which may be treated with aciclovir.
Medical names:
varicella.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • chickenpox — ► NOUN ▪ an infectious disease causing a mild fever and a rash of itchy inflamed pimples; varicella. ORIGIN probably so named because of its mildness, as compared to smallpox …   English terms dictionary

  • chickenpox — [chik′ənpäks΄] n. an acute, contagious viral disease, usually of young children, characterized by fever and eruptions; varicella …   English World dictionary

  • Chickenpox — For other uses, see Chickenpox (disambiguation). Varicella redirects here. For other uses, see Varicella (disambiguation). Chickenpox Classification and external resources Child with varicella disease …   Wikipedia

  • chickenpox — /chik euhn poks /, n. a disease, commonly of children, caused by the varicella zoster virus and characterized by mild headache and fever, malaise, and eruption of blisters on the skin and mucous membranes. Also, chicken pox. Also called varicella …   Universalium

  • chickenpox — SYN: varicella. * * * n. a highly infectious disease caused by a herpesvirus (the varicella zoster virus) that is transmitted by airborne droplets. After an incubation period of 11 18 days a mild fever develops, followed after about 24 hours by… …   Medical dictionary

  • chickenpox — n. to catch, come down with (the) chickenpox * * * [ tʃɪkɪnpɒks] come down with (the) chickenpox to catch …   Combinatory dictionary

  • chickenpox — chick|en|pox [ tʃıkən,paks ] noun uncount an infectious disease that most children get once, in which the skin is covered with red spots. Chickenpox is a more serious disease in adults …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • chickenpox — [[t]tʃɪ̱kɪnpɒks[/t]] also chicken pox N UNCOUNT Chickenpox is a disease which gives you a high temperature and red spots that itch …   English dictionary

  • chickenpox — UK [ˈtʃɪkɪnˌpɒks] / US [ˈtʃɪkənˌpɑks] noun [uncountable] an infectious disease that most children get once, in which the skin is covered with red spots. Chickenpox is a more serious disease in adults …   English dictionary

  • Chickenpox — …   Википедия


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